What are the characteristics of good psychological research?
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Good psychological research must possess a good theoretical framework, standardized procedures, generalization, and an objective measurement.
A good theoretical framework illustrates a resercher's ideas about interrelated concepts. This framework organizes and directs the study, identifies what needs measurement, and identifies the relationships examined. This will include an identification of the cases (objects/people being studied) and the variables (the characteristics of the cases).
Standardized procedures insure that each time the experiment is conducted it is done so in the exact same way every time. For example, if a female conducts the experiment, a female must always conduct each of the individual procedures of the experiment.
Generalization refers to the idea that the outcome of the experiment must apply to the population as a whole (or a large percentage of the population). This insure that sweeping assumptions are not made based upon small samplings of a population.
Objective measurement refers to measurements which are both reliable and valid. If the research experiment cannot be replicated, the results are not reliable or valid. Therefore, experiments must be able to be consistent across time and cases, and experiments must be valid regarding its construction, criterion, and content.
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