Besides the use of imagery, what other poetic devices are used in the introduction to Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet?
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The Prologue contains the first of three sonnets in Romeo and Juliet. (The others are the two-part dialogue of Romeo and Juliet in Act I, Scene 5 and the Prologue to Act Two). Within this sonnet there are certain poetic devices among which are the following:
- metonymy - "two households" for two families. [Metonymy is a figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.]
- synedoche - "fatal loins" for fathers [Synedoche is a figure of speech in which one part is used for the whole]
- metaphor - "star-crossed lovers" Romeo and Juliet are compared to those doomed by unlucky stars.
- metaphor - "death-marked love
In Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, the author uses end rhyme using a rhyme scheme in the fourteen lines of the Prologue: abab cdcd efef gg.
The first three sets of four lines are stanzas, here called "quatrains."
The last two lines rhyme with each other. They are "rhyming couplets."
It also seems to be written in iambic pentameter, though some lines are awkwardly "timed," and some words may have been "blended" from two syllables to one, as one would write a contraction.
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