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Please help me with an OPTIC analysis on the political cartoon "Republic of Santo...

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mpumpkin | Salutatorian

Posted October 11, 2013 at 2:34 AM via web

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Please help me with an OPTIC analysis on the political cartoon "Republic of Santo Domingo" with Teddy Roosevelt regarding US expansionism in foreign affairs.

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted October 11, 2013 at 3:00 AM (Answer #1)

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I assume that you are asking about this cartoon.  I will base my answer on it.

The first part of an OPTIC analysis is an “overview.”  For this part of the analysis, I would say that this cartoon is clearly about the foreign policy of Theodore Roosevelt.  It is particularly concerned with foreign policy regarding the Caribbean.

The second part of the analysis is a look at its “parts.”  We have four main parts here.  First, we have Theodore Roosevelt.  Second, we have a very large gun on a US warship with other warships in the background.  Third, we have a brown man in a stereotypical Hispanic peasant costume who is sitting down and appears to be crying.  Finally, we have a king who appears to be reaching for the brown man.

The third part of the analysis is the “title.”  There is no title for the cartoon as a whole in this link.  However, there are four important captions in the cartoon.  The cannon is labeled “Monroe Doctrine.”  The king is on an area labeled “Europe” and is holding a paper labeled “claims.”  Finally, the brown man is on an area labeled “Republic of Santo Domingo.”

We now turn to the “interrelationships.”  As mentioned before, the king is reaching for the brown man.  This, along with the “claims” seems to show that he is claiming some right to dominate Santo Domingo (now the Dominican Republic).  The king is being deterred by the cannon labeled “Monroe Doctrine.”  He is leaning back in fright from the cannon.

This brings us to the “conclusion.”  This cartoon is approving of the Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt’s enforcement of that doctrine.  It sees the Europeans as greedy monarchists trying to take Santo Domingo.  The US is in the position of protecting Santo Domingo from the Europeans.

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