Homework Help

Plainly,the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Nixon was a defeat for...

user profile pic

ltacher | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Honors

Posted March 8, 2013 at 12:57 PM via web

dislike 1 like

Plainly,the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Nixon was a defeat for President Nixon.  Yet was it also at least a partial victory for the presidency?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted March 8, 2013 at 2:33 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 2 like

In this case, President Nixon was ordered to hand over the tapes that ensured that he would have to resign as president.  Thus, it clearly was a defeat for him.  However, the case was a partial victory for the Presidency as an institution.  It affirmed the presence of a strong executive privilege that applied in many cases (though not in the case of Nixon’s tapes).

Up until this case, the Supreme Court had never ruled on the idea that presidents had the right to refuse to cooperate with the other branches of government on the basis of executive privilege.  In this case, however, it explicitly asserted that the Presidency did hold such a power, regardless of the fact that it is not clearly given by the Constitution.

What this meant is that the Presidency gained a power that it had not clearly had before.  It gained the power to reject demands from the other branches of government in cases of national security or other areas in which secrecy was necessary.  The Court merely said that Nixon’s case did not appear to fall into either of these categories.

Thus, while President Nixon lost the case, it can be argued that the Presidency won the case because it now had an explicit executive privilege. 

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes