# A piece of ice of mass 40 g is added to 200 g of water at 50 deg C.Calculate the final temperature of water when all ice has melted.Specific heat capacity of water=4200 J kg-1K-1 Specific latent...

A piece of ice of mass 40 g is added to 200 g of water at 50 deg C.Calculate the final temperature of water when all ice has melted.

Specific heat capacity of water=4200 J kg-1K-1

Specific latent heat of fusion of ice=336 X 1000 J/kg

I am in Class X and I need this answer today only.

jeew-m | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

Let the final temperature is x deg.C

The heat absorbed or diffused is given by `Q=mc(theta)`

What will happen here is that;

• Ice will melt at 0 deg.C using its Specific latent heat of fusion
• Then the melted ice at 0 deg will increase the temperature up to x deg C
• The water will reduce temperature allowing ice to melt.

Therefore;

Heat absorbed by ice = Heat diffused by water

Heat absorbed by ice at latent heat = 336*1000*40/1000J= 13440J

Heat absorbed by ice when heating to x deg = `mc(theta)`

= 40/1000*4200*(x-0)

= 168x

Heat diffused by water = 200/1000*4200*(50-x)

= 840(50-x)

So;

168x + 13440 = 840(50-x)

x   = 28.3333

So the final temperature is 28.333 deg.C