If the party's world is the "exact opposite" of the old utopias, what might a utopia be like?
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A utopia would be a society in which people were genuinely free and equal, able to hold their own views, pursue their own ideals and do what they wanted ( as long as it caused no harm to anyone else). The word 'utopia', taken from Greek, and coined by the English writer Sir Thomas More in the sixteenth century, carries implications of a perfectly ordered society, which the Party has achieved in 1984, but it does so in a wholly grim and repressive manner, so that it becomes the opposite of what was intended - what is sometimes called 'dystopia'.
A utopia is generally regarded as being impossible to achieve in real life and the very word carries connotations of this; as well as being translated as the 'good place' it also can mean 'no place'.
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