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"Paradise and Hell" by Hieronymus Bosch is based on the Biblical story of Adam and Eve, that appears in Genesis, the first book of the Old Testament. Genesis comes from among the earliest layers of the Bible, in which there were no well defined concepts of Heaven and Hell. Genesis does not actually tell us about the afterlife of Adam and Eve. Thus medieval theologians had to reason out their fate. Adam and Eve were the first sinners, and God expelled them from Eden. In most forms of Christian theology, their sin is the "Original Sin" and becomes either a cause or pattern for all subsequent sin. Thus there is a good reason for Bosch to have placed them in Hell with other sinners rather than in Paradise.
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