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In 1960 John F. Kennedy (JFK) was elected president. At the age of forty-three, the handsome and wealthy Kennedy was the youngest person to be elected president. Kennedy's youthful idealism seemed to inspire the entire nation. He established the Peace Corps, in which thousands of young people volunteered to help the poor in third-world countries. The president also promised that Americans would walk on the moon before the end of the decade.
On February 1, 1960, the historic events of the decade unexpectedly began. Four unknown black students staged a sit-in at a segregated lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, and started what was soon called "the movement."
From that point until the August 1963 [civil rights] march on Washington [led by Martin Luther King Jr.], there commenced an era of unmatched idealism in America.
Then in 1963 America experienced an unparalleled tragedy when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas on November 22, 1963.
Throughout the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays in 1963 America mourned for their fallen president. As the new year dawned, the sadness of the previous autumn was driven away when the music of the Beatles arrived in America.
By January 1964, The Beatles' "I Wanna Hold Your Hand," was blasting out of millions of record players and car radios. In February, when the Beatles appeared on the popular Ed Sullivan Show, more than half the television sets in America were tuned in to watch.
November 8, 1960- John F. Kennedy wins the 1960 Presidential Election and is elected the 35th President of the United States.
January 20, 1961- John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th President of the United States.
October, 1962- Cuban Missile Crisis. Cuba launches missiles at the United States.
November 22, 1963- Presiednt John F. Kennedy is assassinated at 12:30 PM Central Time in Dallas, Texas. He is killed by Lee Harvey Oswald who shot him twice in the neck and the skull with a sniper. President Kennedy died from his wounds at 1:00 PM Central Time at Parkland Memorial Hospital.
1964- Martin Luther King Jr. wins the Nobal Peace Prize.
1965- Malcom X is assassinated.
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