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Naturally occurring thallium consists of two stable isotopes, Tl-203 and Tl-205 (atomic...

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lak-86 | Student, Undergraduate | Salutatorian

Posted August 21, 2013 at 4:39 AM via web

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Naturally occurring thallium consists of two stable isotopes, Tl-203 and Tl-205 (atomic masses = 203.0 and 205.0, respectively) and has an average atomic mass of 204.4. What is the percentage of Tl-205?

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jeew-m | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted August 21, 2013 at 4:50 AM (Answer #1)

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Let us say we have `X%` of Ti-205. Then the rest `(100-X)%` is the Ti-203 percentage.

It is given that average atomic mass of Ti is 204.4.
Mass of Ti-205 in isotope` = X/100xx205`

Mass of Ti-203 in isotope `= (100-X)/100xx203`

`X/100xx205+(100-X)/100xx203 = 204.4`

`205X+20300-203X = 20440`

`X = 70`

So the percentage of Ti-205 in the isotope is 70%.

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ayl0124 | TA , Grade 12 | Valedictorian

Posted August 13, 2014 at 10:32 PM (Answer #2)

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This problem can be interpreted through an equation:

`203x + 205y = 204.4`

Note that "x" and "y" are the percentages and must equal 1.0 (100%). 

`x+y = 1.0`

Since we are looking for the percentage of Tl-205, we need to make the equation in relation to "y."

`x = 1.0 - y`

Plug in the value for "x" into the main equation:

`203(1.0-y) + 205y = 204.4`

With only one variable, you can now solve for "y."

`203 (1.0-y) + 205y = 204.4`  

`203 - 203y + 205y = 204.4`

`2y = 1.4`

`y = 0.7`

The abundance of Tl-205 is 70%. 

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