Name a society that practices either matrilineal or patrilineal kinship. Describe how living in this type of kinship structure would affect different areas of a female ego’s life, such as access to resources, political alliances, marriage, and religion.
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A matrilineal society is a society where the family lineage is traced through the mothers and the females in the family while a paterilenial society is where the family is traced through the fathers and males of the family.
European cultures are typically patrilineal as the family line is traced through the fathers, an example of this would be the royal families and the lineage being traced through the kings not the queens. In these societies the woman would leave home once married and would typically reside with the males family, which would mean she was away from her normal social support system.
Native American cultures are often matrilineal as the family line is traced through the mothers not the fathers. The women in these cultures held great power and were considered the center of the home and family life as they were in charge of these aspects while the men would be out hunting or participating in war. In these societies the males would come and live with the woman's family after marriage which would mean she would maintain access to her social support system.
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