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After the war with Spain, the US actually took formal control of some territories and controlled other territories informally.
There were three territories that the United States took formally. These were the island of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, the island of Guam in the Western Pacific, and the Philippine Islands. In addition to taking formal control of these territories, the United States took informal control of Cuba. By the Platt Amendment, the US essentially took control of Cuba's affairs even though Cuba remained independent. The Platt Amendment also gave the US permanent control of the Guantanamo Bay area, where a naval base was established in the early 1900s.
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