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The mineral galena is composed of lead (II) sulfide and has an average density of 7.46...

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spock15 | Student, Undergraduate | eNoter

Posted July 13, 2012 at 4:24 PM via web

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The mineral galena is composed of lead (II) sulfide and has an average density of 7.46 g/cm^3...

...How many molecules of lead (II) sulfide are in 1.00 ft.^3 of galena?

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chaobas | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted July 13, 2012 at 9:33 PM (Answer #1)

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Now we know that

 

1.00 ft.^3 = 28316.8466 cm^3

So 7.46 g/cm^3 woule be

(7.46 g/ 1 cm^3) * (28316.8466 cm^3/1.00 ft.^3)

211243.676 g/ft^3


Now

Density = mass/volume

Mass = Density * volume


So the mass of  lead (II) sulfide in 1 ft^3 would be

Mass of  lead (II) sulfide = 211243.676 g/ft^3 * 1 ft^3 =211243.676 g lead (II) sulfide 


We know that the molar mass of lead (II) sulfide  is 239.28 g/mol

and  1 moles of lead (II) sulfide = 6.023*10^23 lead (II) sulfide  molecule

 

so,

211243.676 g PbS * (1 mol PbS/239.28 g PbS)*(6.023*10^23 molecule PbS/ 1 mol PbS)

5.32*10^26 molecule of PbS


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sanjeetmanna | College Teacher | (Level 3) Assistant Educator

Posted July 14, 2012 at 8:48 PM (Answer #2)

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Given

density of mineral galena = 7.46 gm/cm^3

Volume = 1.00 ft^3 = 28316.8466 cm^3.

From density we know that 1 cm^3 contain 7.46 gm of galena.

So for 28316.8466 cm^3 of volume how much galena is present we have to find...

= [(28316.8466 cm^3)(7.46)]/[1 cm^3]

= 211243.676 gm of galena.

Therefore 211243.676 gm of galena is present in 1.00 ft^3.

Next step is finding moles for 211243.676 gm of galena.

Moles =  mass/molar mass

Moles = 211243.676/239.3   [Molar mass of lead (II) sulfide = 239.3

Moles = 882.75669 of lead (II) sulfide.

From the law of avogadro number we know 

1 mole of substance consist of = 6.022 X 10^23 molecules.

So for 882.75669 moles of lead (II) sulfide how many molecules of lead (II) sulfide is present we have to find...

Number of molecules of lead (II) sulfide

=  882.75669 * 6.022 X 10^23/1

= 5.31596079 × 10^26 molecules.

5.31596079 × 10^26 molecules of lead (II) sulfide is present in 1.00 ft.^3 of galena.

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