Better Students Ask More Questions.
Match the argument below with the logical fallacy : A. Post hoc, ergo propter; B....
2 Answers | add yours
Middle School Teacher
You got an A in physics when you bought a new car-the car caused your A.
This is an example of Post hoc, ergo propter. This logical fallacy makes the assumption that because Event B follows Event A, then Event A must have caused Event B. Advertisers use this fallacy to great effect, like in a commercial where a man is being hugely successful in his business venture, because he drank an energy drink. The energy drink caused his success in business. Well, no--it actually did not, but advertisers would love for their viewing audiences to buy into the Post hoc fantasy. Getting an A in physics after the student bought the car, and connecting the car purchase actually to causing the academic success in the form of an A is definitely a logical fallacy.
Posted by lentzk on June 17, 2012 at 3:19 PM (Answer #1)
The argument that you have given us here is an example of fallacy A--the "post hoc, ergo propter hoc" fallacy. In this fallacy, a person thinks that, because Thing A happened before Thing B, Thing A must have caused Thing B. In this case, "you" are thinking that buying the new car caused the A in physics simply because the purchase came before the grade. This is fallacious because there is no logical reason to think that buying a car would cause one to achieve a higher grade. Just because one thing happens before another does not imply that causation has happened.
Posted by pohnpei397 on June 17, 2012 at 3:13 PM (Answer #2)
Related QuestionsSee all »
Join to answer this question
Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.