Martin Luther: what would be his point of view and how is he related in science?
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Contrary to the theologians of his day, when confronted with a theological question, Martin Luther did not quote theologians of the past. Instead, he went directly to scripture and searched for the most straightforward answer as dictated by the divinely-inspired word of God. This does not sound very scientific, but it relates to science in a very important way. Scientists of Luther's time answered scientific questions by quoting Aristotle or other philosophers and scientists of the past. As a result of Luther's rational approach to religion, the same is now applied to science. When confronted with a scientific problem, scientists now move directly to observation and experimentation RATHER than relying on the information provided by history. This change in mentality represents a fundamental shift in the scientific approach and results in hugely important discoveries, answers, and further refining of methods. This rational approach would have probably evolved eventually even without the influence of Luther, but his straightforward process of answering questions propelled science forward much more quickly and effectively.
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