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Make a list of positives and negatives during Stalin's rule. 

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momovava | Student | (Level 1) Salutatorian

Posted October 30, 2012 at 8:32 AM via web

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Make a list of positives and negatives during Stalin's rule. 

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rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted October 30, 2012 at 1:52 PM (Answer #1)

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Clearly, the list of negatives will be quite a bit longer, and it cannot be emphasized enough that no equivalence or balance is implied by stating the positives. But Stalin's rule did witness the following positives:

  • the rapid industrialization and modernization of the Soviet economy. 
  • education for many Soviet citizens, especially those in cities.
  • growth of the Soviet Union into a global power, dwarfing the European powers and rivaling the United States. 

On the other hand, the human cost of these advances was astonishing. The negative consequences of Stalin's rule included:

  • millions of small farmers forced onto collective farms, and starved (deliberately) due to Stalin's policies. This was particularly horrible in the Ukraine.
  • the murder of millions of alleged opponents of Stalin's rule during the infamous purges. 
  • the devotion of resources to industrialization at the expense of standard of living.
  • harsh limitations on speech and expression, reaching totalitarian levels. Stalin developed a police state that exceeded even the considerable brutality of the tsarist regime.
  • expansion into Eastern Europe, establishing client states.

 

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