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Golding's point of view in Lord of the Flies is that of an omniscient narrator. By that, I mean, that Golding allows the readers to enter the minds of more than one character. Golding portrays Ralph's thoughts the most frequently. For instance, we know what Ralph is thinking when he calls the meeting that begins Chapter 5. We know that he is thinking over what and how is going to say to the group. And we know that his appreciation of Piggy has grown. But we also privy to Simon's thoughts. His thoughts are depicted when he has his confrontation with the Lord of the Flies, or the pig's head on the stick. And, we even know what Jack is thinking as he is desperately to hunt and kill his first pig.
This point of view is effective in showing the various perspectives of the boys. From these different viewpoints we can see Ralph grow in his leadership abilities and his maturity; Jack becoming more and more obsessed with hunting and "play," and Simon's steadfast goodness and inability to devolve into savagery. We have with these the three responses to life on the island--the civilized and compassionate, the savage and living for the moment, and the decision-maker--caught between the two.
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