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I also meant to add, the quote is from Howell Cobb, one of the founders of the Confederate States of America and Speaker of the House for the South. He had been a congressman in the US government prior to the war, and was considered one of the main minds behind the southern philosophy of government and slavery, sort of a James Madison of the South and slavery.
Late in the Civil War, especially during the invasions of Georgia and South Carolina, the South officially considered using slaves as troops. Truly, this was how desperate their manpower shortage had become by late 1864-1865. The quote suggests that to believe in slavery is to believe in a fundamental inequality between the races that could not be bridged. So if the South, out of desperation to defend itself, adopted the philosophy that slaves could be made into effective soldiers, then it meant admitting, to themselves and the world, that the theory of inequality on which slavery was founded was flawed. If that was the case, what, exactly was the Confederacy defending then? I think it would have been nearly impossible for a pro-slavery southerner to admit, after centuries, that they had been completely wrong on the issue. It would mean surrendering their identity. 5000 slaves were used as soldiers though, mainly in Georgia to fight against Sherman, but to little effect.
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