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List all the hormones produced or secreted by the pituitary gland and describe how...

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libbysimone | Salutatorian

Posted October 28, 2012 at 2:11 AM via web

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List all the hormones produced or secreted by the pituitary gland and describe how those hormones are regulated.

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jerichorayel | College Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted October 31, 2012 at 12:29 PM (Answer #1)

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Pituitary gland is an endocrine gland which secretes hormones directly into the blood stream. Pituitary gland is divided into two parts: anterior and posterior pituitary glands.

Anterior Pituitary

  • Melanotrophins -> Melanocyte–stimulating hormones (MSHs) 
  • Gonadotropins ->Luteinizing hormone and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Lactotrophins -> Prolactin
  • Corticotropins -> Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), beta endorphin
  • Thyrotrophins ->Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • Somatotrophins -> growth hormone

Posterior Pituitary

  • Magnocellular Neurons -> Antidiuretic hormone, Oxytocin

Regulation of hormones can happen through proper signalling of the cells. Hormonal receptors are specific for each hormones thus no matter how long would a certain hormone travel throughout the body, it will bond specifically in a site to where its receptors is located. Receptors can be contained to any cells so when a hormone is released, only those that contains the specific receptor can respond to the signal; not to mention that a certain hormone is passing through a lot of different hormones inside the body. 

 

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