List all the hormones produced or secreted by the pituitary gland and describe how those hormones are regulated.
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Pituitary gland is an endocrine gland which secretes hormones directly into the blood stream. Pituitary gland is divided into two parts: anterior and posterior pituitary glands.
- Melanotrophins -> Melanocyte–stimulating hormones (MSHs)
- Gonadotropins ->Luteinizing hormone and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Lactotrophins -> Prolactin
- Corticotropins -> Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), beta endorphin
- Thyrotrophins ->Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
- Somatotrophins -> growth hormone
- Magnocellular Neurons -> Antidiuretic hormone, Oxytocin
Regulation of hormones can happen through proper signalling of the cells. Hormonal receptors are specific for each hormones thus no matter how long would a certain hormone travel throughout the body, it will bond specifically in a site to where its receptors is located. Receptors can be contained to any cells so when a hormone is released, only those that contains the specific receptor can respond to the signal; not to mention that a certain hormone is passing through a lot of different hormones inside the body.
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