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Iron (III) Chlorate is an ionic compound, composed of Iron cations, and Chlorate anions. The attraction between the oppositely charged ions hold the compound together, and hold each ion to a relatively static position, and that is the typical structure of a solid.
Liquids and Gases need their molecules to be able to move quite freely to maintain their physical properties of having no specific shape (Liquids and gases), or no specific volume (Gases). Ionic compounds don't lend themselves to this because if two cations or two anions get too close to each other and the repulsion of the like charges will tear the compound apart.
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