How can a general education teacher fulfill the requirements on a day to day basis for students with special needs placed in their classroom (because it is the LRE (least restrictive environment))?
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General Education teachers whose classroom rosters include students with special needs are given an IEP (Individual Education Plan) for each student (with special needs). Students with special needs, by right of the 2004 IDEA law, are insured placement within the LRE (or Least Restrictive Environment):
To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities...are educated with children who are not disabled, and special classes, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the disability of a child is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.
Since general education teachers are not required to obtain the same education as Special Education teachers, Special Education teachers are required to provide general education teachers with the modifications required by law for any student who carries an IEP.
On a day to day basis, general education teachers must insure that they attend to the IEP modifications for each student with special needs within his or her classroom. Common modifications defined within an IEP are: extended time on tests/quizzes/projects, copies of the teacher's notes, alternative testing area, having a test/quiz read aloud, and preferred seating (to name a few). Therefore, in order to fulfill the day to day requirements of students with special needs, teachers must know the IEP of each and every student, be able to make modifications (prior to the lesson and at a moments notice), and insure the student's rights are being met.
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