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James Joyce's story "Eveline" depicts the tragic dilemma of a young woman trapped in a life that seems beyond her control, and although she has a chance to leave her home, she surrenders pathetically to her existing life. For, in all her familial relationships, Eveline is subservient, submitting to the wishes of her dying mother as well as submitting to abuse from her father in order to protect her younger siblings.
Even at her job, Eveline is servile to Miss Gavan, whom she feels
always had an edge on her, especially whenever there were people listening.
It is only if she leaves with her sailor and gets married that Eveline thinks she can gain dignity: "People would treat her with respect then."
Therefore, in composing a thesis statement for a four-paragraph essay, the writer needs to make a general statement about Eveline's position in her family; that is, one that describes the relationships she has with the individual members, wording it with two opinions that can each be developed into topic sentences for the body paragraphs.
Asking "What is her relationship like?" will probably generate a thesis statement. Since it seems apparent that Eveline places herself in a servile position with her parents and even her younger siblings. (She sits at the window just watching the darkness settle upon the street outside as the story begins and is "tired" after her father's abuse), perhaps, a thesis statement could be constructed with this as a main idea. Then, composing two opinions which can be supported with details from the narrative will generate the two topic sentences for the body of the essay. Here is an example:
In her relationship with her brother, her father and even her mother, Eveline has allowed them to dominate her psychologically (=general statement)
- because she is submissive (=opinion)
- and servile (=opinion).
[Develop these two ideas into topic sentences.] Support these ipinions with examples such as Eveline's promise to her dying mother, her submitting to abuse from her father, and placing her own welfare far below that of others.]Notice how Eveline cannot believe that she deserves to liver her own life, and instead submits to the servile one in which she finds herself.
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