In "Animal Farm", why did Napoleon begin executing animals?
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Napoleon decided to excecute animals because he wanted to make the animals fear him. The fear of being killed would have been great enough for the animals to keep on believeing and trusting in Napoleon and not rebell against. Napoleon executed them based on the fact that they had tried to be spies and and had worked with Snowball. Hence, Napoleon tried to make the animals feel that they were always vulnerable and they had to work with Napoleon so that they would not be back in the control of Mr Jones. Napoleon wanted the animals to know that if they tried to rebell against him and work with others, they would be killed for it and hence the fear of being executed was the deterrance against rebelling against Napoleon. Hence, Napoleon would remain in control of Animal Farm.
Remember that 'Animal Farm' is not just a fable about animals but an allegory to the Russian revolution. Napoleon represents Stalin, so his execution of animals would correspond to the political purges of the Bolsheviks once they gained control.
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