Identify a simile, metaphor, and allusion in Act 2 Scene 3-4 of Romeo and Juliet.
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An allusion is a reference to something famous. This line is referencing Titan, a Greek god character:
From forth day's path and Titan's fiery wheels:
A simile compares using like or as:
Without his roe, like a dried herring: flesh, flesh,
how art thou fishified!
Mercutio says this about Romeo comparing him to a fish that just flops around.
A metaphor states something as if it is something else:
The earth that's nature's mother is her tomb;
What is her burying grave that is her womb,
Here, a hole in the earth meant to bury someone is compared to a woman's womb.
In the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, the author is continually foreshadowing the dreadful horrific place that the two young lovers will end up in. He calls them "star-cross'd lovers" right from the start, and the Elizabethan audience would have been in no doubt as to what that meant. They believed strongly in Fate and superstition and where this conflicted with their strong religious beliefs - well, they just melded the two together. So the metaphor of the earth as being not only Juliet's tomb but also the world's mother's womb strikes home to us the extreme sweetness and shortness of Juliet's life. One minute she is born of a mother, the next the very earth that nourished her swallows her up into itself again.
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