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Interest groups engage in a variety of tactics to try to influence public policy. Among the most important of these are:
- Lobbying. Interest groups pay people to interact directly with politicians. These lobbyists try to persuade lawmakers to support policies the interest groups support.
- Campaign contributions. Interest groups give money to politicians to help fund their campaigns. They hope to gain access to political officials and to help sympathetic politicians get elected.
- Mobilizing members’ opinion. Interest groups often try to make their members aware of policy issues that are important to the groups. They encourage members to contact politicians and put pressure on them.
- Litigation. Interest groups sometimes sue the government to try to force it to take actions that the groups approve of.
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