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Identify by number amendement(s) that  a. extend individual rights? b extend civil...

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lovedust245 | Student | eNotes Newbie

Posted July 2, 2009 at 5:10 AM via web

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Identify by number amendement(s) that

 

a. extend individual rights?

b extend civil rights?

c. prohibited certain practices by states?

d. changed specfic language in the constitution?

e. protect the rights of women?

f. protect the rights of African Americans?

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted July 2, 2009 at 6:44 AM (Answer #1)

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These questions are essential in understanding the amendments in the Constitution. Some of them require more than one answer, or an explanation.  In this vein, I have provided some very quality websites below that might further your study of the Constitution.

Amendments that extend individual rights

Basically, many of the amendments in the Constitution grant individual rights.  Some of the more prolific ones are the First, which grants individuals the right to freedom of speech from government control, freedom of religious worship, freedom of the press (media to report what it deems as "news"), freedom to peaceably assemble and protest.  Another individual right granted would be in the fifth amendment, where individuals possessed the right to a fair trial and to not incriminate themselves in a court of law.  Other individual rights based amendments will reveal themselves in the course of this response.

Amendments that extend civil rights

Pay attention to the Amendments 13, 14, and 15 as well as 19 and 26.

The 13, 14, and 15 are specifically known as the Civil War Amendments because they were passed by Congress after the Civil War to protect, and in some cases, integrate the rights of former slaves into the American Constitutional dialogue.

13th Amendment- Abolished Slavery

14th Amendment- Guaranteed due process and citizenship rights to African Americans and people of color (The original wording is "those whose former condition was servitude.")

15th Amendment- Grants African- Americans the right to vote.

The 19th Amendment came about as a result of the women's suffrage movement in the early 1900s.  This amendment guaranteed the right to vote for women.  The 26th Amendment was ratified in 1971 and granted young people at the age of 18 the right to vote.  This came about due to the huge influx of youthful demonstrators throughout the turbulence of the 1960s.

Prohibits certain practices by states

The Poll Tax, one of several initiatives used by certain states to prevent people the right to vote, was abolished by the 24th amendment.  (Another practice which was followed by states, but was more of a national issue, was the repeal of prohibiting the sale and consumption of alcohol in the 21st Amendment.  The 18th amendment prohibited alcohol-known as "prohibition- and the 21st amendment repealed the 18th.)

Protection of the rights of women and African- Americans

See the explanation above in Civil Rights.

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