Hundred Years War: causes and effectsWhat were the causes, effects, and most significant events of the Hundred Years’ War? Did the Hundred Years’ War differ in any manner from earlier medieval...

Hundred Years War: causes and effects

What were the causes, effects, and most significant events of the Hundred Years’ War? Did the Hundred Years’ War differ in any manner from earlier medieval warfare

Causes:

Effects:

Events:

Differ?

 

Asked on by moocow554

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litteacher8's profile pic

litteacher8 | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

The Hundred Years War was caused less by hate than by a vying for power. England and France were constantly invading one another and fighting. All of the battles in this one hundred sixteen year war were fought in France. The war also led to a surge of new technologies.
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enotechris | College Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

Posted on

Back in the year 911, Carolingian King Charles the Simple allowed the Viking Rollo to settle in what became known as Normandy.  In 1066 the Viking descendants invaded and conquered England at the Battle of Hastings. Thus Norman leaders, who were vassals to the King of France, even when they were the rulers of England. As the various regions or Normandy, Burgundy, and France changed hands, this complicated the relationship between those areas and the English Kings, and the English influence had begun to diminish.  By 1337, when the war began, the English concentrated their efforts to regain their Continental claims.  However, by the conclusion of the war in 1453, they had been driven out.  See more details at the link:

http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/archive/hundredyearswar.cfm

dbello's profile pic

dbello | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

Posted on

Two of the most important factors of the Hundred Years War were the rise in royal power and the growth of nation-states. By uniting their subjects behind them during this time, the monarchs of France and England were able to build formidable armies... loyal armies. These standing armies became the great source of power behind the monarchs, essentially they became emperors in their own kingdoms.

kplhardison's profile pic

Karen P.L. Hardison | College Teacher | eNotes Employee

Posted on

During the Hundred Years War, the English adopted a new style of warfare that combined English longbowmen with dismounted men-at-arms, who were Medieval cavalrymen (mounted soldiers) who wielded heavy weapons, like the mace and broad sword.

rrteacher's profile pic

rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

The Hundred Years' War was actually several wars, with several different causes. The root was, as post #2 said, a dynastic dispute, but many other factors contributed, particularly a desire by both parties to control Flanders, which was becoming increasingly wealthy through the wool trade. Rebellions in Scotland and Wales also contributed, and the simple desire for loot on the part of particularly aggressive English nobles was a strong factor as well, particularly in the middle years of the conflict.

As for effects, it absolutely devastated the northern French countryside and its population, it stoked French and English nationalism and encouraged both kingdoms to develop more sophisticated mechanisms for raising revenues. It spelled the end of the dominance of mounted heavy cavalry, which had social implications beyond military tactics, since the heavy cavalry were knights. It introduced new technologies, including gunpowder.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

The major cause of this war was a desire for power.  This was a dynastic war in which House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet both claimed the French throne.  Therefore, it was really just a war between two powerful noble houses as to who should control France.

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