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Sometimes the passages that appear in this type of question are suggestive of the theme of the work. Sometimes they point to character development or conflict. After reading a passage in question, ask yourself why this particular passage is significant. What is its importance in relation to the work overall? Does it suggest anything about a particular character or conflict in the work? Sometimes a passage will have key words that are very strong in connotative meaning that will help you relate it to theme, character, or conflict.
When answering a with-reference-to-the-text question you should include the following about the given passage/sentence in your answer: the name of the book, chapter/act, page, the person who said the passage or sentence, and who this person was saying the passage/sentence to. This is your introductory sentence.
How they pile the poor little craft mast-high with fine clothes and big houses; with useless servants, and a host of swell friends that do not care twopence for them,---quote sourced from google books.
For example, this sentence is taken from the book Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog), chapter 1, page 26-27, and the statement was said by Jerome.
After this introductory sentence providing the information about the statement, you should go on to briefly describe what the character is trying to say by using that statement and what previously happened in the story to cause the character to make this statement.
For example, the statement made by Jerome criticizes the materialism of the upper-class in society. Jerome's criticism of the upper-class possibly comes about because he was poor while growing up. Depending on the marks of the question, you can elaborate further.
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