Why is Bram Stoker's Dracula considered Gothic Literature?
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"Dracula" is one of the best examples of Gothic literature for several reasons. Its themes of death and decay, fear, the supernatural, and the idea of passion/irrationality over reason and rational thought and behavior make it an excellent illustration of this literary genre. In addition, the time period in which it was written (it was originally published in 1897) was known for its gothic horror stories by other authors like Robert Louis Stevenson and Edgar Allan Poe.
The mood Stoker used in writing "Dracula," and his setting it in gloomy London or the dark, forbidding forests of Transylvania also goes along with the genre of Gothic literature. The whole point to this genre was to instill fear and forboding into the reader, and Stoker was very successful in that regard.
Check the links below for more information on this genre and "Dracula" specifically. Good luck!
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