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Sadly, there is no single answer to this question. The tone in which it is asked resonates with existentialism, a philosophy in which each individual must make sense of the world and create his or her own meaning from it. In this approach, there is no intrinsic meaning to life. Rather, life is what you make it.
However, it should be added that everyone faces this question: no one human being made the world. Therefore, one can take hope in the fact that everyone from the dawn of time has had to answer this question. Some take solace in the idea that while they did not create the world, some god did. Others find a more personal purpose.
As stated, this can be answered many, many different ways. Allowing freedom of structure and thought, poetic license if you will, you might focus on the positives or negatives of what world (personal versus societal) has been created, and whether or not the adjustment mentioned in the prompt indicates either acceptance, denial, or rebellion. Or something along the lines of what coping skills are needed and/or used to accept the good and the bad, what methods are used in society, and have been used for centuries, to instruct individuals on how to adapt or adjust. Use examples of known methods used for adjusting to grief, depression, and things out of our control, and discuss whether these have been successful throughout time.
The word "should" used in the prompt is an indication that this is more of a personal writing exercise, so brainstorm ideas about what YOU think about ways to adjust, with reflection on what other philosophers and free thinkers of the world have advised.
Henri David Thoreau wrote that one live by creating purpose: "I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived." (Walden) Thoreau chose the personal purpose mentioned in the first post.
Albert Camus, Jean-Paul Sartre, two famous Existentialists, wrote about creating one's own meaning in a nonsensical world. Isn't this also what Hemingway wrote about, especially with his character Nick? (Hemingway stated that a sense of the tragic part of life is in the minds of all thinking people.)
In fact, all the great works of literature deal with this existential question. Remember that in "Brave New World" three of the characters were dissatisfied and chagrined over the state of life in the New World which supposedly had eliminated pain. Because they had no books, they had little refuge. Only drugs would quiet the people's discontent. One character finally realized that without struggle, happiness, the counterpart, also cannot exist.
Joseph Conrad wrote in "The Secret Sharer" that meaning depends on sharing. Share your feelings and ideas with others who will understand. "Tell the truth, but tell it slant" cautions Emily Dickinson, for too much at one time overwhelms people. Truly, one must carefully move through a life one has not created.
There is only one World for anyone to adjust to, and no one has created that World.
The best way to adjust to this world is to start with a positive attitude. This means not complaining about the world being the way it is, or blaming others for your problem.
The first priority should be to understand the nature of the world you face and figure out how you can make best use of the situation you are in and the capabilities you have.
Every person faces different kind of situation,and every person has different set of capabilities and limitations, Further, everyone has a different set of like and dislikes. So everyone mus decide for himself or herself the goals to be achieved and method of achieving. In this way one can decide how to adjust to and live in this World.
In response to poster #5, a positive attitude is a must. If you attempt to come face to face with something and you have a negative attitude then the outcome may not be so good. You will need to figure out what you can do to make the world around you a better place. If you place your energy in this then I think you will feel like you have more control.
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