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If you have to argue that this period was revolutionary, the best thing to do is to look at economics. The South changed to a fairly important degree during Reconstruction. Part of that, of course, had to do with the end of slavery. But you can also talk about how the "New South" arose and was more industrial than the Old South. These two changes can be seen as revolutionary.
As far as social and political aspects, the argument is much harder. You could argue that in both of these realms, the South became more democratic (at least among white people) than it had been in the antebellum period. You can argue that society and government came to be less dominated by the old planter elite. As they lost their economic dominance, they also lost their social and political dominance.
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