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How much heat is released when H2 and Cl2 react to form HClReaction:-...

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shivamtomar | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 9, 2010 at 6:09 PM via web

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How much heat is released when H2 and Cl2 react to form HCl

Reaction:-

H2+Cl2-->HCl+Heat

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hnystrom | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Assistant Educator

Posted July 10, 2010 at 8:32 PM (Answer #1)

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Whn substances react hat may be absorbed from or given up to the environment.  To determine how much, we need some measurements of how much heat is needed to form each of the substances in the reaction.  The net heat produced or absorbed is the sum of the heats to make the products minus the sum of the heats to make the reactants.  To calculate this we need a table of standard heats of formation.

This is a simple equation.  The heat of formation of the following reaction has been measured:

1/2 H2 + 1/2 Cl2 > HCl  produces 22.1 kcal/mole or 92.3 kJ/mole

The equation you've listed, which should be balanced, is

H2 + Cl2 > 2 HCl

The produces twice the amount of heat when it occurs so simply double the amounts shown above.  Tables often list amounts of heat liberated as negative and amounts of heat absorbed as positive.

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