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In Shakespeare's source for the play, Arthur Brooke's "The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet" (1562), the events take at least nine months to unfold (the time scale is very vague). As usual, in Shakespeare's tragedies, he compresses the time scale to a matter of days. The play takes four days in total, from Sunday through to Thursday morning.
Sunday - first scene and brawl in the morning, party that night, R + J meet, and balcony scene.
Monday - Romeo gets Friar Laurence to agree to marrying them. They get married the same day. Mercutio dies, and Romeo kills Tybalt. That evening, Capulet plans Juliet's marriage - and we know that that evening is on Monday, because Paris tells Capulet:
Monday! ha, ha! Well, Wednesday is too soon.
Thursday let it be— a Thursday, tell her
She shall be married to this noble earl.
Monday night R+J sleep together. Capulet and Juliet fall out about the wedding.
Tuesday. Juliet goes to Friar Laurence and gets the potion. When she apologises to Capulet, he brings the marriage forward a day:
Send for the County. Go tell him of this.
I'll have this knot knit up to-morrow morning.
Tuesday night, Juliet takes the potion.
Wednesday. Juliet is discovered "dead" and put into the vault instead of the marriage ceremony. Late that night, Romeo comes to the vault to commit suicide.
Thursday - "a glooming peace this morning with it brings" - the final lines of the play.
Many readers are shocked to find that the tragic events in Romeo and Juliet span over the course of only five days, Sunday through Thursday.
1. On Sunday, Romeo and Juliet meet and fall in love. They plan to marry the next day.
2. The pair marries on Monday, and Romeo kills Tybalt soon after and is exiled. The couple consummates their marriage that night in Juliet's room.
3. Tuesday signifies the day that Romeo reluctantly leaves for his exile in Mantua, and Juliet drinks the potion once she learns of her impending marriage to Paris. Father Lawrence sends a message of the plan to Romeo.
4. Wednesday is the day of the discovery of Juliet's fake death, and in the evening, Romeo commits suicide when he believes his wife to be gone.
5. On Thursday, Juliet wakes to find her love dead in the tomb and stabs herself with his dagger. Later the Montagues and Capulets discover the tragic end of their beloved children. The deaths of their children mark the death of the feud.
Sunday morning to very early Friday morning (1-2 a.m.)
The tragic deaths of Romeo and Juliet occurred in a brutally short span of 5 days as mentioned above.
On Sunday , they meet and fall in love, and the very next day, they marry. Romeo kills Tybalt and is exiled. On Tuesday Romeo leaves for exile while Juliet sets about her plan and drinks the potion. The next day, Romeo suicides, thinking Juliet to be dead. The next day, Juliet commits suicide seeing Romeo actually dead and the feud between the families dies.
The tragic story of Romeo and Juliet took place from Sunday to Thursday. Romeo and Juliet met each other at the party on Sunday night. They married Monday morning. Around noon time Romeo kills Tybalt. Tuesday, Juliet goes to the friar to ask for help. Tuesday evening, Juliet drinks the potion. Wednesday, they discover Juliet's body. Thursday, Romeo and Juliet dies.
The timing of this play is significant because it shows that because of this short time span the young couple didn't have time to think over their plan, and the consequences.
ekacevedo: Good point, but perhaps The Bard, not being a math person, made a continuity error! :-)
Sure the play takes place from Sunday - Thursday. But think about this: if Juliet takes the potion on Tuesday night, and the potion lasts 42 hours, she will not wake up until Thursday afternoon (in the play that's when Romeo and Juliet's funeral takes place). Therefore, in Act 5, when Friar Laurence says that Juliet will wake up in 3 hours, it is still Wednesday night. I am an English teacher; however, the math does not pan out.
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