How are laws and decision made in autocracy and democracy?
Compare and contrast the two forms of government.
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I think that you are looking at two fundamentally different views of the political world. For the autocrat, decisions and laws are made through their own actions and own initiation. There is no checks or balances present, nor is there any other body from which consent is needed. Instead, the autocrat is able to do what they want and what they see as best. This is how laws are formed and how decisions are made. Those who do not adhere are punished, as the leader sees it is as disobedience or betrayal or violation of what the codified structure demands. In a democratic setting, there is more of a consensus approach to laws and decisions. Stakeholders discuss and debate laws and actions and only after this discourse, action is taken. Additionally, in many democratic configurations, there is a division of governmental power as to which branch enforces or creates or monitors laws and decisions that are made. This helps to ensure that power is spread out over different elements, preventing large consolidation, which is something that the autocrat possesses in total.
Democracy is a form of government that is supposed to be run by the people. However in practice the government is formed of representatives elected elected by the government. The way people are elected and the way they run the government is determined by a constitution, which itself is adopted on the basis of support of people for it.
The constitution of a democratic government is formulated with a view to guarantee some minimum fundamental rights to the people, and to ensure that the representatives elected to form the government truly represent the choice of the people.
The constitution also has guidelines laid down for carrying out the work of government, including making of laws, so that the people elected to run the government act truly in the interest of the people. At the same time consideration is also given to the need for speed and decisiveness in decision making and action. Of course no constitution in the world is perfect, and to some extent the government may be formed by the people that are not really the best suited for the job. Also these representatives may, to some extent, act against the best interest of the people, in order to further their own selfish interests.
The law making in democracy is generally done on the basis of formal discussions and debate by elected representatives, followed by voting by them. Any law passed must conform to the broad guidelines of the constitution, and if a law does not meet this requirement, it can be challenged in a court of law and repealed.
Autocracy is a form of government in which one person has absolute power to take all the decision relating to government of a nation or a kingdom. This includes the power to formulate laws and to decide action in any matter. An autocrat is not prevented from taking any action by any law imposed by others. Thus the autocrat may act as per his or her will, without following any law. However, autocrats may also formulate and implement specific laws. They are free to decide the nature of any such laws. However they may choose to take advice from others in formulating the laws they enforce.
Autocracy is a form of government in which one person holds supreme power. This individual cannot be restricted, according to law, by any institution or group of citizens from doing whatever he or she wishes. However, some of these leaders have used the appearance of public accountability and elections to conceal their autocracies.
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