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Both Chillingworth and Pearl serve as a narrative tool: they persistently remind Hester of her misdeed throughout the story. However, Hester realizes something new after each conversation, and she grows as a result of each encounter. She is the only character who advances spiritually, largely because she is forced to face her sin on a daily basis. The confrontations make her stronger, and allow her to see deeper: Excessive self-righteousness (Chillingworth) leads to evil; unschooled innocence (Pearl) cannot understand complexities of adult desire, behavior and love.
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