Homework Help

What language is used in Chapter 5 of Frankenstein to develop atmosphere?

user profile pic

rere | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

Posted February 2, 2008 at 2:50 AM via web

dislike 2 like

What language is used in Chapter 5 of Frankenstein to develop atmosphere?

2 Answers | Add Yours

user profile pic

dymatsuoka | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted February 8, 2008 at 5:13 AM (Answer #1)

dislike 0 like

Mary Shelley uses imagery and strategic repetition of key descriptive words to create an atmosphere of horror and gloom in the first part of the chapter, when the monster comes to life.  She uses variations of words such as "dreary", "dismal", "horrid", "disgust", "miserable", and "wretched" liberally, and paints vivid images of ugliness and decay.  An especially vivid example of this is when she has Victor Frankenstein describe holding "the corpse of (his) dead mother...a shroud enveloped her form...the grave-worms crawling in the folds of the flannel".

The gloominess of the atmosphere is further highlighted when, halfway through the chapter, Clerval arrives.  Frankenstein is lifted from his morbid situation and responds manically, jumping over chairs, clapping his hands, and laughing out loud.  The extreme intensity of Frankenstein's apparent joy emphasizes the heaviness of the previous scene by sheer contrast, and the fact that his reaction is based in madness only serves to underscore the darkness of the scene.


user profile pic

bubblegumpink | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted January 7, 2009 at 3:26 AM (Answer #2)

dislike 0 like

she uses pathetic fallacy to create atmosphere.

'it was a dreary night of November' refelcts on victors moods.

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes