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While Native Americans' experiences varied, most Indians, especially those who lived east of the Mississippi River, experienced a severe decline in economic, social, and political status. The results of the French and Indian War and the American Revolution led to a major decline in power and influence for native peoples, especially the Iroquois nations. A series of campaigns by American forces saw native peoples driven from the Ohio Valley as well as the areas now comprised by Illinois and Indiana. After the War of 1812, native power was essentially shattered in the Old Northwest. A similar pattern emerged in the Southeast, where the power of the Cherokee had been on the wane since the Revolution. The powerful Creek were severely weakened through war, and their attempts, along with those of the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, and Cherokee, to maintain their lands in the face of white expansion ultimately proved futile. They, like most other Native Americans, were forced off of their lands onto reservations, and saw their political autonomy curtailed.
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