In "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn", how does Twain satirize do-gooders in his description of Pap's reform?
How is the new judge different from Judge Thatcher and the Widow Douglas?
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The new judge-who didn't know Pap and what a loser he was-refuses to let Judge Thatcher or the Widow adopt Huck because he idealistically didn't want to "take a child away from its father". Later, the new judge takes Pap into his home to "make a man of him". He thinks he's succeeded (Twain very humorously describes the new judge and his wife weeping with joy at the success of their reformation), until Pap trades his clothes for whiskey and nearly freezes to death after falling off their porch in a drunken stupor. Finally, the new judge comes to the realization that "a body could reform the old man with a shotgun maybe, but he didn't know no other way". So, the judge finally realizes what Judge Thatcher and the widow already knew: what a loser Pap was.
Twain is making fun of do-gooders, who come in on their white horses thinking they can save the entire world; he does this by using Pap to give the new judge a harsh reality check. The judge's end opinion falls in line with what a young Huck already knew, that some people are pretty hopeless.
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