How does Socrates use ethos, pathos, and logos in his arguments?



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Ethos: Socrates establishes atechne ethos by mention of his military service, representation of his tribe in the boule, and references to his acquaintances and associates in the audience. He establishes entechne ethos by refusal to use sophistic verbal techniques.

Logos: Socrates uses many different appeals to logos. For example, when he states that it is improbable that he could succeed in making people worse while so many others are invested in making people better, he is using the topos of greater and lesser.

Pathos: Socrates explicitly eschews appeals to pathos, especially in his peroration.


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