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At the end of the play, after Walter has stood up as a "man," the family packs up the apartment and moves. In the very last scene, Mama takes a look around the apartment, grabs her symbolic plant and exits. Her last actions demonstrate that she is saying farewell to a place where she helped her children (and her plant) grow so that all of them can move on to a place with more "sunshine" and room for them to grow more.
The ending to the play shows how the Younger family will strive for their dream regardless of the many factors that dispel them from doing so. The Karl Lindners of the world, the neighbors who doubt them, as well as the social conditions that challenge families like the Youngers as well as the personal demons that have gripped Walter and other members of the family were overcome in the final scene. At this particular moment, the ability to be able to establish a better life for one's family is valued above all. This makes the overall ending of the play a positive one, but one that is filled with challenge. It is almost as if Hansberry is indicating that while there is hope for the future, there will always be struggle and challenge inherent within it.
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