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Mr. Brocklehurst is a hypocrite whose sense of goodness emphasizes following strict but shallow rules, obeying orders, and being more concerned with external appearances than with the true spirit of goodness. He imposes rules on others rather than exemplifying much genuine goodness himself. Helen is just the opposite.
Mr. Brocklehurst's attitude is sharply lambasted by Bronte in this book. He thinks goodness is all about doing what you are told and shutting up. The one link that we can draw between his view of goodness and Helen's view of goodness is that it involves being passive and not fighting against what fate has for you. This is something that Jane finds very hard to stomach.
In Jane Eyre, it seems Bronte has a proclivity for drawing characters who are the antithesis of each other such as St. Rivers and Mr. Rochester, Helen and Brocklehurst. Helen Burns, the long-suffering saint of a girl is goodness itself while Mr. Brocklehurst is wickedness itself hiding under a cloak of religious sanctimony not unlike the Dickens's characters of Mr. Bumble and Mrs. Corney, who feign solicitude for the orphaned children.
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