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How does the government limit the effect of environmental damage?  Also, how does the...

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pinkyheart99 | Student, Undergraduate | eNoter

Posted May 14, 2013 at 6:49 PM via web

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How does the government limit the effect of environmental damage? 

Also, how does the government worsen the effect of environmental damage? 

(I have researched the Earth Summit, but it was a bit complicated & i couldn't find the right answer. So you can use it as your example, but please explain it further.)

Thank you.

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ncchemist | eNotes Employee

Posted May 15, 2013 at 12:15 AM (Answer #1)

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The government limits the affect of environmental damage mainly through regulation and oversight of industries and entities that produce waste or physically damage the environment (coal mining, etc.).  Government bodies such as the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and legislation such as the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act define limits on amounts and types of pollutants that can be released into the environment.  Oversight by local and federal government regulators help endure compliance by imposing fines or revoking business licenses for organizations that over pollute. 

Government can inadvertently worsen the pollution situation by over-regulating or making the waste disposal process too expensive.  This can lead certain businesses or individuals to simply dump waste products on private property where no-one is looking (because that costs nothing).  Or it can cause manufacturing to locate to other parts of the world where there is little to no government protection of the environment and they can do as they please with no repercussions.

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pinkyheart99 | Student, Undergraduate | eNoter

Posted May 15, 2013 at 4:57 PM (Answer #2)

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The government limits the affect of environmental damage mainly through regulation and oversight of industries and entities that produce waste or physically damage the environment (coal mining, etc.).  Government bodies such as the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and legislation such as the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act define limits on amounts and types of pollutants that can be released into the environment.  Oversight by local and federal government regulators help endure compliance by imposing fines or revoking business licenses for organizations that over pollute. 

Government can inadvertently worsen the pollution situation by over-regulating or making the waste disposal process too expensive.  This can lead certain businesses or individuals to simply dump waste products on private property where no-one is looking (because that costs nothing).  Or it can cause manufacturing to locate to other parts of the world where there is little to no government protection of the environment and they can do as they please with no repercussions.

Thank you so much!

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