Why does A.G. Gardiner bring in the question of 'society' whenever he discusses liberty in his essay "On the Rule of the Road?"For the essay(the text), please refer to the given link:...

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The reason that Gardiner does this is because it helps bring out the main point of his essay.  What Gardiner is saying in this essay is that people must not think only of their own rights.  Instead, they must also think of the rights of the other people in their society.  This is why Gardiner brings up society and its rights whenever he discusses the liberty of the individual.

Gardiner is trying to remind us that our own liberty has limits.  We do not really have the right to act in ways that will disturb other people.  This is why he disapproved of the man talking loudly on the train.  That man was exercising his own rights, but was doing so in a way that took away Gardiner's own right to read his Blue Book.  Gardiner wants to make the point that we should not act as if it is only our own liberty that matters.

Gardiner is trying to teach us that we have responsibilities along with liberty.  We have to think about society, not simply about our own desires.  This is why he brings society in whenever he talks about personal liberty.

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