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The cell goes through a series of steps called the cell cycle that results in the formation of two identical daughter cells. First, a cell enters the G1 phase. This entails growth of the cell which results in the doubling of the cell in size. During G1, which began after cell division, new organelles and cytoplasm are formed. Next, the cell enter the S phase. Here, the chromosome complement doubles or replicates. The next phase is the G2 stage in which DNA repair occurs. By the end of G2, a cell is now ready to divide by mitotic cell division. During the M phase, mitosis occurs and the cytoplasm divides. The end result will be two new, genetically identical cells with the same amount of chromosomes as the original cell that originally entered the cell cycle.
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