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To, too and two are homophones, which means that they sound the same but mean different things.
Two means the number 2. It has the same beginning as the words twice and twenty. This can help you remember that it refers to a number.
Number Example- I had two scoops of ice cream for dessert.
To is used as either a preposition or an infinitive.
Preposition Example: We went to the amusement park.
Infinitive Example: We like to play video games.
Too is an adverb. It means also or excessively.
“Also” Example: I like ice cream, too. (Meaning “I also like ice cream.”)
“Excessively” Example: I ate too much ice cream. (Meaning “I ate an excessive amount of ice cream.”)
To teach the differences between to, two, and too; I like to come up with sentences using all three.
I am too busy with my two children to answer your question.
It is too early to have two sodas to drink.
Now let's review what these words actually mean.
Too- This form of the word can mean excessively, very, or additionally. It is an adverb.
"Don't stand too close to the fire."
Two- This is the number 2.
"I have two fireplaces at home, so I know not to stand near the fire."
To- This is a preposition, or something that describes a location or direction. It can also describe a movement or a point in time. It can also act as part of an infinitive verb as in "to stand" in "going to stand."
"I'm going to stand near the door instead of near the fireplace."
To can also be an adverb. This can describe an action or a state of unconsciousness.
"I stood too close and I passed out. When I came to, I was embarrassed." ( "Came to" means that you woke up from being unconscious")
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