How do I solve the following problem?

*How many ways can a football team of 9 be arranged if the kicker must be in the middle?*

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Here is a visual way to do it. Imagine each blank is a player's position:

___ ___ ___ ___ kicker ___ ___ ___ ___

The kicker position is taken, the other 8 can fit into the other spaces.

8 * 7 * 6 * 5 * 1(kicker) * 4 * 3 * 2 * 1 = **40,320 arrangements**

Another way to do this is using a permutation - an ordered arrangement in which no objects can be repeated.

Use a permutation of 8 instead of 9 because the kicker position is already taken.

8! = **40,320 arrangements**

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