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How did the Thirty Years' War end in 1648?
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- Switzerland and the Dutch Republic achieved independence
- Sweden received lands around the Baltic Sea
- Independence of various German states was recognized
- Calvinists granted toleration in Holy Roman Empire (a departure from the Peace of Augsburg, which only recognized Lutherans and Catholics)
- Prussia gained German lands
The Thirty Years' War ended with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The major provisions of the peace agreements were:
In general, the peace agreements represented war-weariness more than anything else. The conflict had been highly destructive, and it ushered in a period of religious tolerance, if not agreement, in Europe.
Posted by rrteacher on November 19, 2012 at 5:26 AM (Answer #1)
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