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How did the Thirty Years' War end in 1648?

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treybengals | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Honors

Posted November 19, 2012 at 5:11 AM via web

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How did the Thirty Years' War end in 1648?

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rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted November 19, 2012 at 5:26 AM (Answer #1)

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The Thirty Years' War ended with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. The major provisions of the peace agreements were:

  • Switzerland and the Dutch Republic achieved independence
  • Sweden received lands around the Baltic Sea
  • Independence of various German states was recognized
  • Calvinists granted toleration in Holy Roman Empire (a departure from the Peace of Augsburg, which only recognized Lutherans and Catholics)
  • Prussia gained German lands

In general, the peace agreements represented war-weariness more than anything else. The conflict had been highly destructive, and it ushered in a period of religious tolerance, if not agreement, in Europe.

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