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How did the Soviet Union/Russia influence international relations in the 1920s and...

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mgranat | Student, College Freshman | eNotes Newbie

Posted October 12, 2009 at 6:02 AM via web

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How did the Soviet Union/Russia influence international relations in the 1920s and 1930s?

I have a real problem narrowing the answer to this question. I have been through some material and my first impression of the 20s and 30s, in regards to Russia, is that they were isolated by the Western Powers. In the 20s, the Soviet union was feared because had developed their own political ideologies(Communism) and the Western powers feared its influence on their own political practices. Also, Russia had failed to pay debts created by govern't pre Bolshevik  Revolution, and had maintained relations with Germany(Brest-Litovsk settlement, Rapollo). The 1930s involved the great depression and rise to fascist, which partly arose from fears of Bolshevism.      

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Ashley Kannan | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted October 12, 2009 at 7:41 AM (Answer #1)

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I think that your analysis is fairly well directed.  I would suggest that you are on the right track.  The only area where I think a greater amplification is needed would be the economic crises in the 1930s.  Part of the reason of the intense fear of the Soviets during the Great Depression might have resulted from the fact that capitalist nations were experiencing the very worst of capitalism.  This caused many individuals in these nations to look at the Communist solution as one that might be better off than capitalism.  Given the fact that the Great Depression was being contrasted to the state run economy of the Soviet Union in its formative years, Western governments had more reason to fear the Soviets.  The rise of European fascism and its lack of response might have been due to isolationism and the desire to want to focus on domestic economic recovery.  This could have also made the Western governments fear the Soviets even more.

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