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The Renaissance led indirectly to the "discovery" of the Americas because it created an intellectual atmosphere that promoted exploration.
Before the Renaissance, there was relatively little interest in science. People generally attributed everything to God's will and were not interested in deeper investigation. With the Renaissance, this changed. People started to think in a more scientific way and they started to be more interested in understanding the natural world. This attitude of wanting to know things helped to develop navigational tools that were needed for long voyages. This attitude also led to a desire to explore so as to find out what the rest of the world was truly like. In these ways, the intellectual attitude promoted by the Renaissance helped lead to the exploration that led to the discovery of the Americas.
The above answer by pohnpei397 is correct--the advances that allowed ships to navigate the oceans were invented by people who had a desire to know and learn. I would have to add that there were even more people who saw the monetary profits that could be made by finding new trading partners in far away places. The discoveries of the Renaissance also enabled the creation of new goods for that trade. It was a combination of pure scientific discovery and desire to trade that led, indirectly, to the voyages to the western hemisphere. For Ferdinand and Isabella, the rulers of Spain who funded Columbus, the incentive was new trade routes. They had defeated the Moors--who were Muslim--and chased them from Spain. By doing so they effectively closed their option of trading with the Muslim world, and needed new markets. None of this would have been possible, however, without the invention of such navigational tools as the astrolabe.
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