How did the English Reformation of Henry VIII differ from that of Luther?
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The main difference between the Lutheran and Anglican Reformations was that Martin Luther was a theologian concerned with reforming the Roman Catholic churches whereas Henry VIII was a monarch primarily concerned with issues of power. Although there was a certain theological confluence, primarily in opposition to Papal indulgences, Henry's issues had to do (1) with his own divorce and (2) English control over church temporalities in England. The actual theologians involved in creation of the 39 Articles and Book of Common Prayer, especially Thomas Cranmer, were moderate but not extreme theological reformers. Both Luther and the Anglican Church deny papal authority, have communion in both kinds, agree that there is more happening ion the Eucharist than simple memorialism, but disagree on the Eucharistic formula (real presence vs. consubstantiation) and soteriology.
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