How did Franklin Roosevelt's philosophy differ from Herbert Hoover's?
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The major difference was that Roosevelt felt that government spending to help people who were in economic trouble was much more acceptable than Hoover thought it was. Hoover believed in the idea of "rugged individualism" in which people are largely responsible for their own welfare. If people got in economic trouble, private charity was the best way to help them. The government should not be in the business of helping people financially. Roosevelt had different beliefs. At least in a crisis as great as the Depression, he believed, government should be willing to step in and help people who had become poor. Roosevelt's philosophy, then, was much more liberal than that of Hoover.
Hoover's politcial beliefs stemmed from his idea of rugged individualism. He believed that success comes through individual effort and private enterprise. He also believed that private charities and local communities, not the federal government, could best provide for those in need.
Roosevelt promised to put the US political and economic system at "the service of the people". He promised a "new deal for the American people," a series of 15 relief and recovery measures.
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